Stablecoins Thrive as Supply Surges – Binance.US

CRH: The World's Largest Coin Roll Hunting Community!

Welcome to the world's largest Coin Roll Hunting community! Come meet other hunters, share your finds, give and get advice, and share in whatever else has to do with the hobby of Coin Roll Hunting (also known as Bank Roll Hunting).
[link]

How To End The Cryptocurrency Exchange "Wild West" Without Crippling Innovation


In case you haven't noticed the consultation paper, staff notice, and report on Quadriga, regulators are now clamping down on Canadian cryptocurrency exchanges. The OSC and other regulatory bodies are still interested in industry feedback. They have not put forward any official regulation yet. Below are some ideas/insights and a proposed framework.



Many of you have limited time to read the full proposal, so here are the highlights:

Offline Multi-Signature

Effective standards to prevent both internal and external theft. Exchange operators are trained and certified, and have a legal responsibility to users.

Regular Transparent Audits

Provides visibility to Canadians that their funds are fully backed on the exchange, while protecting privacy and sensitive platform information.

Insurance Requirements

Establishment of basic insurance standards/strategy, to expand over time. Removing risk to exchange users of any hot wallet theft.


Background and Justifications


Cold Storage Custody/Management
After reviewing close to 100 cases, all thefts tend to break down into more or less the same set of problems:
• Funds stored online or in a smart contract,
• Access controlled by one person or one system,
• 51% attacks (rare),
• Funds sent to the wrong address (also rare), or
• Some combination of the above.
For the first two cases, practical solutions exist and are widely implemented on exchanges already. Offline multi-signature solutions are already industry standard. No cases studied found an external theft or exit scam involving an offline multi-signature wallet implementation. Security can be further improved through minimum numbers of signatories, background checks, providing autonomy and legal protections to each signatory, establishing best practices, and a training/certification program.
The last two transaction risks occur more rarely, and have never resulted in a loss affecting the actual users of the exchange. In all cases to date where operators made the mistake, they've been fully covered by the exchange platforms.
• 51% attacks generally only occur on blockchains with less security. The most prominent cases have been Bitcoin Gold and Ethereum Classic. The simple solution is to enforce deposit limits and block delays such that a 51% attack is not cost-effective.
• The risk of transactions to incorrect addresses can be eliminated by a simple test transaction policy on large transactions. By sending a small amount of funds prior to any large withdrawals/transfers as a standard practice, the accuracy of the wallet address can be validated.
The proposal covers all loss cases and goes beyond, while avoiding significant additional costs, risks, and limitations which may be associated with other frameworks like SOC II.

On The Subject of Third Party Custodians
Many Canadian platforms are currently experimenting with third party custody. From the standpoint of the exchange operator, they can liberate themselves from some responsibility of custody, passing that off to someone else. For regulators, it puts crypto in similar categorization to oil, gold, and other commodities, with some common standards. Platform users would likely feel greater confidence if the custodian was a brand they recognized. If the custodian was knowledgeable and had a decent team that employed multi-sig, they could keep assets safe from internal theft. With the right protections in place, this could be a great solution for many exchanges, particularly those that lack the relevant experience or human resources for their own custody systems.
However, this system is vulnerable to anyone able to impersonate the exchange operators. You may have a situation where different employees who don't know each other that well are interacting between different companies (both the custodian and all their customers which presumably isn't just one exchange). A case study of what can go wrong in this type of environment might be Bitpay, where the CEO was tricked out of 5000 bitcoins over 3 separate payments by a series of emails sent legitimately from a breached computer of another company CEO. It's also still vulnerable to the platform being compromised, as in the really large $70M Bitfinex hack, where the third party Bitgo held one key in a multi-sig wallet. The hacker simply authorized the withdrawal using the same credentials as Bitfinex (requesting Bitgo to sign multiple withdrawal transactions). This succeeded even with the use of multi-sig and two heavily security-focused companies, due to the lack of human oversight (basically, hot wallet). Of course, you can learn from these cases and improve the security, but so can hackers improve their deception and at the end of the day, both of these would have been stopped by the much simpler solution of a qualified team who knew each other and employed multi-sig with properly protected keys. It's pretty hard to beat a human being who knows the business and the typical customer behaviour (or even knows their customers personally) at spotting fraud, and the proposed multi-sig means any hacker has to get through the scrutiny of 3 (or more) separate people, all of whom would have proper training including historical case studies.
There are strong arguments both for and against using use of third party custodians. The proposal sets mandatory minimum custody standards would apply regardless if the cold wallet signatories are exchange operators, independent custodians, or a mix of both.

On The Subject Of Insurance
ShakePay has taken the first steps into this new realm (congratulations). There is no question that crypto users could be better protected by the right insurance policies, and it certainly feels better to transact with insured platforms. The steps required to obtain insurance generally place attention in valuable security areas, and in this case included a review from CipherTrace. One of the key solutions in traditional finance comes from insurance from entities such as the CDIC.
However, historically, there wasn't found any actual insurance payout to any cryptocurrency exchange, and there are notable cases where insurance has not paid. With Bitpay, for example, the insurance agent refused because the issue happened to the third party CEO's computer instead of anything to do with Bitpay itself. With the Youbit exchange in South Korea, their insurance claim was denied, and the exchange ultimately ended up instead going bankrupt with all user's funds lost. To quote Matt Johnson in the original Lloyd's article: “You can create an insurance policy that protects no one – you know there are so many caveats to the policy that it’s not super protective.”
ShakePay's insurance was only reported to cover their cold storage, and “physical theft of the media where the private keys are held”. Physical theft has never, in the history of cryptocurrency exchange cases reviewed, been reported as the cause of loss. From the limited information of the article, ShakePay made it clear their funds are in the hands of a single US custodian, and at least part of their security strategy is to "decline[] to confirm the custodian’s name on the record". While this prevents scrutiny of the custodian, it's pretty silly to speculate that a reasonably competent hacking group couldn't determine who the custodian is. A far more common infiltration strategy historically would be social engineering, which has succeeded repeatedly. A hacker could trick their way into ShakePay's systems and request a fraudulent withdrawal, impersonate ShakePay and request the custodian to move funds, or socially engineer their way into the custodian to initiate the withdrawal of multiple accounts (a payout much larger than ShakePay) exploiting the standard procedures (for example, fraudulently initiating or override the wallet addresses of a real transfer). In each case, nothing was physically stolen and the loss is therefore not covered by insurance.
In order for any insurance to be effective, clear policies have to be established about what needs to be covered. Anything short of that gives Canadians false confidence that they are protected when they aren't in any meaningful way. At this time, the third party insurance market does not appear to provide adequate options or coverage, and effort is necessary to standardize custody standards, which is a likely first step in ultimately setting up an insurance framework.
A better solution compared to third party insurance providers might be for Canadian exchange operators to create their own collective insurance fund, or a specific federal organization similar to the CDIC. Such an organization would have a greater interest or obligation in paying out actual cases, and that would be it's purpose rather than maximizing it's own profit. This would be similar to the SAFU which Binance has launched, except it would cover multiple exchanges. There is little question whether the SAFU would pay out given a breach of Binance, and a similar argument could be made for a insurance fund managed by a collective of exchange operators or a government organization. While a third party insurance provider has the strong market incentive to provide the absolute minimum coverage and no market incentive to payout, an entity managed by exchange operators would have incentive to protect the reputation of exchange operators/the industry, and the government should have the interest of protecting Canadians.

On The Subject of Fractional Reserve
There is a long history of fractional reserve failures, from the first banks in ancient times, through the great depression (where hundreds of fractional reserve banks failed), right through to the 2008 banking collapse referenced in the first bitcoin block. The fractional reserve system allows banks to multiply the money supply far beyond the actual cash (or other assets) in existence, backed only by a system of debt obligations of others. Safely supporting a fractional reserve system is a topic of far greater complexity than can be addressed by a simple policy, and when it comes to cryptocurrency, there is presently no entity reasonably able to bail anyone out in the event of failure. Therefore, this framework is addressed around entities that aim to maintain 100% backing of funds.
There may be some firms that desire but have failed to maintain 100% backing. In this case, there are multiple solutions, including outside investment, merging with other exchanges, or enforcing a gradual restoration plan. All of these solutions are typically far better than shutting down the exchange, and there are multiple cases where they've been used successfully in the past.

Proof of Reserves/Transparency/Accountability
Canadians need to have visibility into the backing on an ongoing basis.
The best solution for crypto-assets is a Proof of Reserve. Such ideas go back all the way to 2013, before even Mt. Gox. However, no Canadian exchange has yet implemented such a system, and only a few international exchanges (CoinFloor in the UK being an example) have. Many firms like Kraken, BitBuy, and now ShakePay use the Proof of Reserve term to refer to lesser proofs which do not actually cryptographically prove the full backing of all user assets on the blockchain. In order for a Proof of Reserve to be effective, it must actually be a complete proof, and it needs to be understood by the public that is expected to use it. Many firms have expressed reservations about the level of transparency required in a complete Proof of Reserve (for example Kraken here). While a complete Proof of Reserves should be encouraged, and there are some solutions in the works (ie TxQuick), this is unlikely to be suitable universally for all exchange operators and users.
Given the limitations, and that firms also manage fiat assets, a more traditional audit process makes more sense. Some Canadian exchanges (CoinSquare, CoinBerry) have already subjected themselves to annual audits. However, these results are not presently shared publicly, and there is no guarantee over the process including all user assets or the integrity and independence of the auditor. The auditor has been typically not known, and in some cases, the identity of the auditor is protected by a NDA. Only in one case (BitBuy) was an actual report generated and publicly shared. There has been no attempt made to validate that user accounts provided during these audits have been complete or accurate. A fraudulent fractional exchange, or one which had suffered a breach they were unwilling to publicly accept (see CoinBene), could easily maintain a second set of books for auditors or simply exclude key accounts to pass an individual audit.
The proposed solution would see a reporting standard which includes at a minimum - percentage of backing for each asset relative to account balances and the nature of how those assets are stored, with ownership proven by the auditor. The auditor would also publicly provide a "hash list", which they independently generate from the accounts provided by the exchange. Every exchange user can then check their information against this public "hash list". A hash is a one-way form of encryption, which fully protects the private information, yet allows anyone who knows that information already to validate that it was included. Less experienced users can take advantage of public tools to calculate the hash from their information (provided by the exchange), and thus have certainty that the auditor received their full balance information. Easy instructions can be provided.
Auditors should be impartial, their identities and process public, and they should be rotated so that the same auditor is never used twice in a row. Balancing the cost of auditing against the needs for regular updates, a 6 month cycle likely makes the most sense.

Hot Wallet Management
The best solution for hot wallets is not to use them. CoinBerry reportedly uses multi-sig on all withdrawals, and Bitmex is an international example known for their structure devoid of hot wallets.
However, many platforms and customers desire fast withdrawal processes, and human validation has a cost of time and delay in this process.
A model of self-insurance or separate funds for hot wallets may be used in these cases. Under this model, a platform still has 100% of their client balance in cold storage and holds additional funds in hot wallets for quick withdrawal. Thus, the risk of those hot wallets is 100% on exchange operators and not affecting the exchange users. Since most platforms typically only have 1%-5% in hot wallets at any given time, it shouldn't be unreasonable to build/maintain these additional reserves over time using exchange fees or additional investment. Larger withdrawals would still be handled at regular intervals from the cold storage.
Hot wallet risks have historically posed a large risk and there is no established standard to guarantee secure hot wallets. When the government of South Korea dispatched security inspections to multiple exchanges, the results were still that 3 of them got hacked after the inspections. If standards develop such that an organization in the market is willing to insure the hot wallets, this could provide an acceptable alternative. Another option may be for multiple exchange operators to pool funds aside for a hot wallet insurance fund. Comprehensive coverage standards must be established and maintained for all hot wallet balances to make sure Canadians are adequately protected.

Current Draft Proposal

(1) Proper multi-signature cold wallet storage.
(a) Each private key is the personal and legal responsibility of one person - the “signatory”. Signatories have special rights and responsibilities to protect user assets. Signatories are trained and certified through a course covering (1) past hacking and fraud cases, (2) proper and secure key generation, and (3) proper safekeeping of private keys. All private keys must be generated and stored 100% offline by the signatory. If even one private keys is ever breached or suspected to be breached, the wallet must be regenerated and all funds relocated to a new wallet.
(b) All signatories must be separate background-checked individuals free of past criminal conviction. Canadians should have a right to know who holds their funds. All signing of transactions must take place with all signatories on Canadian soil or on the soil of a country with a solid legal system which agrees to uphold and support these rules (from an established white-list of countries which expands over time).
(c) 3-5 independent signatures are required for any withdrawal. There must be 1-3 spare signatories, and a maximum of 7 total signatories. The following are all valid combinations: 3of4, 3of5, 3of6, 4of5, 4of6, 4of7, 5of6, or 5of7.
(d) A security audit should be conducted to validate the cold wallet is set up correctly and provide any additional pertinent information. The primary purpose is to ensure that all signatories are acting independently and using best practices for private key storage. A report summarizing all steps taken and who did the audit will be made public. Canadians must be able to validate the right measures are in place to protect their funds.
(e) There is a simple approval process if signatories wish to visit any country outside Canada, with a potential whitelist of exempt countries. At most 2 signatories can be outside of aligned jurisdiction at any given time. All exchanges would be required to keep a compliant cold wallet for Canadian funds and have a Canadian office if they wish to serve Canadian customers.
(2) Regular and transparent solvency audits.
(a) An audit must be conducted at founding, after 3 months of operation, and at least once every 6 months to compare customer balances against all stored cryptocurrency and fiat balances. The auditor must be known, independent, and never the same twice in a row.
(b) An audit report will be published featuring the steps conducted in a readable format. This should be made available to all Canadians on the exchange website and on a government website. The report must include what percentage of each customer asset is backed on the exchange, and how those funds are stored.
(c) The auditor will independently produce a hash of each customer's identifying information and balance as they perform the audit. This will be made publicly available on the exchange and government website, along with simplified instructions that each customer can use to verify that their balance was included in the audit process.
(d) The audit needs to include a proof of ownership for any cryptocurrency wallets included. A satoshi test (spending a small amount) or partially signed transaction both qualify.
(e) Any platform without 100% reserves should be assessed on a regular basis by a government or industry watchdog. This entity should work to prevent any further drop, support any private investor to come in, or facilitate a merger so that 100% backing can be obtained as soon as possible.
(3) Protections for hot wallets and transactions.
(a) A standardized list of approved coins and procedures will be established to constitute valid cold storage wallets. Where a multi-sig process is not natively available, efforts will be undertaken to establish a suitable and stable smart contract standard. This list will be expanded and improved over time. Coins and procedures not on the list are considered hot wallets.
(b) Hot wallets can be backed by additional funds in cold storage or an acceptable third-party insurance provider with a comprehensive coverage policy.
(c) Exchanges are required to cover the full balance of all user funds as denominated in the same currency, or double the balance as denominated in bitcoin or CAD using an established trading rate. If the balance is ever insufficient due to market movements, the firm must rectify this within 24 hours by moving assets to cold storage or increasing insurance coverage.
(d) Any large transactions (above a set threshold) from cold storage to any new wallet addresses (not previously transacted with) must be tested with a smaller transaction first. Deposits of cryptocurrency must be limited to prevent economic 51% attacks. Any issues are to be covered by the exchange.
(e) Exchange platforms must provide suitable authentication for users, including making available approved forms of two-factor authentication. SMS-based authentication is not to be supported. Withdrawals must be blocked for 48 hours in the event of any account password change. Disputes on the negligence of exchanges should be governed by case law.

Steps Forward

Continued review of existing OSC feedback is still underway. More feedback and opinions on the framework and ideas as presented here are extremely valuable. The above is a draft and not finalized.
The process of further developing and bringing a suitable framework to protect Canadians will require the support of exchange operators, legal experts, and many others in the community. The costs of not doing such are tremendous. A large and convoluted framework, one based on flawed ideas or implementation, or one which fails to properly safeguard Canadians is not just extremely expensive and risky for all Canadians, severely limiting to the credibility and reputation of the industry, but an existential risk to many exchanges.
The responsibility falls to all of us to provide our insight and make our opinions heard on this critical matter. Please take the time to give your thoughts.
submitted by azoundria2 to QuadrigaInitiative [link] [comments]

Cryptocurrency Terminologies for Beginners

The rise of cryptocurrency is making a huge influence towards different businesses, companies or even simple individuals that supports the use of it in exchange of service, products, investments, etc.
Number of users increases seemingly. However, beginners often get confused with the jargons, known only in the said network. In this article, I will be sharing basic terms that exists in cryptocurrency world:
Cryptocurrency - is an internet-based, digital/virtual form of currency that is secured by cryptography (which makes it almost impossible to counterfeit) and operates independently from central bank. These include Bitcoin, Bitcoin Cash, Etherium, Ripple, Litecoin, etc.
Cryptography - process of securing communication and data in various electronic transactions (such as account name, account number, amount, digital signature, etc.) by converting plain texts to unintelligible texts and vice versa. It is also be utilized for user authentication.
Blockchain - refers to a growing list of record or the digital information (blocks) stored in public database (chain).
Wallet - or software wallet, is where you “store” your cryptocurrency. It is basically a digital program/system/site/app that store public and/or private keys used to track ownership and transactions of your cryptocurrency. Example: Coinbase, Trust Wallet, Exodus Crypto Wallet, Coins.ph, Binance Wallet, etc.
Wallet Address - is a destination associated with the software wallet where a user sends and receives cryptocurrency. Usually include a long series of letters and numbers. Example: qz8wlltmrj83mj2waw6rgaw9wtzqywuc5s3xqm67g7
Fiat Money - a currency that has actual value maintained; established as money; and backed up by the government. Example: US Dollar, British Pound, Philippine Peso, Japanese Yen, Euro, etc.
Altcoin - or "alts"; refers to any cryptocurrency other than Bitcoin.
ATH (All-time High) - it's when a cryptocurrency breaks its previous record price.
FOMO (Fear of Missing Out) - refers to the strong urge or need to purchase a cryptocurrency when the price starts increasing rapidly.
Mining - process of validation of transactions such as computers trying to solve blocks in a blockchain. Thus rewarding new cryptocurrency to successful user (miner). However, mining scams are rampant nowadays. Miners are always reminded not to provide private keys, deposits, etc to avoid these frauds.
FUD (Fear, Uncertainty and Doubt) - this is the greatest risk for investors; A state of mind that often influence when and how crypto-enthusiasts make trades, purchase or hold onto their coins thus affects greatly in the actual prices/convertion rate of cryptocurrency.
DeFi - short term for "decentralized finance" which includes digital assets, protocols, smart contracts, and dApps; is a financial software built on the blockchain that can be pieced together like Money Legos. Etherium is the primary choice for DeFi Application.
Stablecoin - refers to a class of cryptocurrency that attempts to stabilize coin prices, backed by reserve assets.
Reserve Assets - financial assets denominated in foreign currencies, held by central banks; must be readily available for monetization and/or must be an external physical asset. Example: US Dollars, Gold.
That's all for now, I hope this information might help especially beginners who still lack knowledge regarding these terms. Continue supporting #Cryptocurrency
submitted by jBaij to btc [link] [comments]

Frequently Asked Questions (Constantly Updated)

This is where you can find answers to some of the most frequently asked questions. If you can't find what you are looking for then perhaps try browsing our WIKI, or one of our past AMA Recaps!
The "most asked" questions are listed first. These will consistently change to reflect Kava's current landscape.

Relevant Questions (Timely)






Crypto Payday


  • How do I qualify for Crypto Payday?
    • Use Kava's DeFi Lending Platform to mint USDX.
      • Currently USDX can only be minted w/ BNB.

  • When are Crypto Paydays?
    • Every Wednesday.
      • Staring July 15th, 2020
      • Ending July 16th, 2021

  • Where can I go to mint BNB?
    • The new features will be accessible via integrated wallet and exchange applications such as Cosmostation, Forbole, Trust Wallet, and Frontier.

DeFi Lending Platform


  • What assets does Kava's DeFi Lending Platform currently support?
    • BNB

  • What are the next assets that will be supported by Kava's DeFi Lending Platform?
    • They Kava community will vote for the next supported asset.
      • Leading contenders are BTC, XRP, and Atom.

  • How are loans given out?
    • Once a user deposits collateral, loans are given out via USDX (Kava's Stable Token)

  • How much USD is USDX worth?
    • Each USDX is the equivalent of $1 (USD)

  • What should I do w/ my USDX?
    • Starting on June 10th you'll be able to begin earning minting rewards on your USDX via Kava's Crypto PayDay promotion.
    • In the very near future (Possibly Late June/Early July) USDX will be listed on exchanges, and can be used to purchase more crypto (Margin Trading) or can be cashed out.
    • Those who mint USDX prior to it's exchange listings will be considered "Early Adopters"

  • Why should I become an Early Adopter of the Kava DeFi Lending Platform?
    • Early Adopters who use the DeFi Lending platform prior to a USDX exchange listing should be doing so for the purpose of leveraging their existing BNB.
      • Early Adopters can take advantage of the Kava Payday rewards, which are likely to off their highest yield within the early stages of the promotion.

  • How/where can I access Kava's DeFi Lending Features?
    • The new features will be accessible via integrated wallet and exchange applications such as Cosmostation, Forbole, Trust Wallet, and Frontier.

  • What happens if my BNB deposit drops in price and becomes undercollateralized?
    • Similar to a traditional margin call, users will be required to deposit more assets (BNB) to bring their collateral back up to par with the loan they have minted.
    • Users will also be able to use their USDX to pay back the loan.
      • Thus, allowing the users to unlock and reclaim their deposits (BNB)

  • How is Kava different from MakerDao?
    • Maker Dao only accepts Ethereum based crypto assets, but Kava accepts all crypto assets!

  • Where can I go to learn more about Kava's DeFi Lending Platform?

Kava Token


  • What is the Kava Token?
    • The Kava Token is a fungible crypto asset of the Kava Blockchain.
    • It is a token that is native to the Kava Blockchain.

  • Where is the Kava Token currently Traded?
    • In 2019, The Kava Token became the first DeFi asset to be tradeable on Binance.
    • Besides from Binance, the Kava Token is available on over a dozen different exchanges including BitMax, MXC, and CoinOne.
    • For a complete list, check out Kava's Market Pairs Page on CoinMarketCap

  • Is the Kava Token currently on any American exchanges?
    • Currently there are not any American exchanges that are trading the Kava Token.
    • Kava works very closely w/ the US Securities & Exchange Comitee to make sure that everything Kava does falls within their guidelines.
      • When the time is right, Kava will be listed on American Exchanges.
      • It is a goal to be listed on American Exchanges, before the end of 2020.

  • How can Americans hold Kava?
    • Kava can be traded amongst users via a multitude of different wallets.
      • Including: Binance, Trust Wallet, Frontier Wallet, Forbole, and Cosmostation amongst many others.

  • What is Kava's Ticker Symbol?
    • The Kava token is traded as:
      • KAVA (all caps)

  • How much of the Kava Token is currently staked?

USDX



  • Is USDX currently listed on any exchanges?
    • As of June 2020, USDX is not currently listed on exchanges.
    • The goal is to get USDX listed on multiple exchanges shortly after the June 10th launch of Kava's DeFi Lending Platform
      • July 2020 is a hopeful time window for USDX listings

  • What is the ticker associated w/ USDX
    • The ticker is listed as:
      • USDX (all caps)


  • Why is USDX valuable?
    • USDX is the highest earning USD denominated account available for modern investors.
      • USDX offers superior yields without additional risk compared to traditional alternatives like checking and savings accounts that only deliver miniscule returns.

Kava General





  • Who are the Kava Knights?
    • The Kava Knights are an unofficial community group which is composed of the most loyal and dedicated of Kava Enthusiasts.
    • Kava may work w/ The Knights at times to co-promote contests and other community engaging activities, but they remain are not an official Kava community.


  • What set's Kava apart from similar projects?

  • Where should I go if I'm looking to become a validator?


  • Why did Kava choose to build with Cosmos?

  • When did Kava's mainnet go live?
    • Kava's mainnet when live in Autumn of 2019

  • What about Kava's CDP Mainnet?
    • Kava will launch it's CDP Mainnet on June 10th, 2020
      • This will be used to support Kava's DeFi Lending Platform
      • View the official announcement! (Coming Soon)



General Questions



  • What does "Cross Chain DeFi Platform" mean?

  • When does "CDP" stand for?
    • CDP stands for Collateralized Debt Position


  • Why do people use DeFi Lending Platforms?
    • DeFi Lending Platforms are used to take out loans.
      • Users deposit crypto as collateral, and then they receive a loan paid out in Stable Coins.
      • Kava currently accepts BNB as collateral, and pays out loans in USDX (Stable Coin)
      • People can use their loans for anything their hearts desire, but most will choose to use the funds to facilitate Margin Trading

  • What is minting?
    • Whenever a user deposits assets into a DeFi Lending Platform as collateral, they recieve a loan paid out in stable coins.
      • Prior to this loan, those stable coins did not exist.
      • The stable coins were "Minted" as a direct result of collateralization that spawned the loan.
    • In regards to Kava, users deposit collateral (like BNB) in order to "mint" USDX - which ultimately represents the loan that the user will receive.
submitted by Kava_Mod to KavaUSDX [link] [comments]

Airdrop Report

Airdrop Report
Dear Airdropbob Comunity
https://preview.redd.it/4smf4bv71ao41.png?width=200&format=png&auto=webp&s=930b2270ba11b0f9f6d3b0b0fe9a55d25ea85ab5
Welcome back to another weekly edition of our airdrop report. Here you will find all the necessary information in one quick session, so you don't have to watch out every day for the best and most rewarding airdrops of the industry! We hope you enjoy the read and find the projects as interesting as we do!
This week started out with the fourth round of the EXY token airdrops by Experty. Experty is a platform specially designed for professional content creators to give them a new way to interact with their audience. Further more the platform enables the creators to fully monetize their knowledge and expertise and gain insight into their interactions thru detailed statistics provided by Experty. And best of all, the token is already listed on Coin Market Cap and currently holds position #752.
On Tuesday we brought to you a new USDT token giveaway by Binance. This new promotion was created in celebration of the release of "Bitcoin Cross Collateral on Binance Futures". And apart from that the Binance exchange offers a wide range of services to their customers. For example there is their own lending and staking service, the option for margin trades and more. And of course the exchange has its own native crypto currency as well. The BNB token is of course already listed on Coin Market Cap and currently holds spot #9.
Later in the week we brought to you the SKO token airdrop by Sikoba. Sikoba is a brand new payment network and the ERC20 based SKO token is their native crypto currency. According to their website their services are designed to boost small and local economies of emerging countries and at the same time give millions of unbanked individuals the opportunity to start establishing a credit history and enjoy all improvements that come with it.
Then we presented to you the BSTKN token airdrop by Boostchain. Boostchain is a brand new blockchain powered incentive centered advertising platform and the ERC20 based BSTKN token is the native crypto currency of the entire network. The token is designed to be used as reward for viewed ads and you can earn them if you refer friends to the network or even to specific advertisers. So if this sounds interesting to you don't wait and check it out yourself!
On Friday we brought to you the MORPHER token airdrop by Morpher. Morpher is a brand new and soon to be launched global trading app designed for fractional investing in stocks, crypto currencies, commodities as well as forex. And the ERC20 based MORPHER token is the native currency of the platform. It is not only the native currency, it is also the main medium of exchange on the platform since every price will be denominated in MORPHER.
And on Saturday we brought to you the HT token airdrop by Huobi. Huobi is among the worlds leading crypto currency exchanges and the HT token is their native crypto currency. The token is ERC20 based and of course is already listed on Coin Market Cap and currently holds spot #15. And apart from their token the exchange offers a wide range of services to their customers, including their own OTC desk, margin trading and even futures for the advanced traders.
And if you want to know more about everything crypto/airdrop related and how to participate, go visit: https://www.airdropbob.com
Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/AirdropBob.io
Join us on Telegram: https://telegram.me/AirdropBobChannel
Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/BobAirdrop
Follow us on Medium: https://medium.com/@airdropbob
Or subscribe on Steemit: https://steemit.com/@airdropbob
#airdropbob #airdrops #crypto #cryptoairdrops
submitted by AirdropBob to AirdropBob [link] [comments]

The Market will not recover the way you want it to.

Hey guys, long time lurker, first time poster to CryptoCurrency.
I've been giving Crypto a lot of thought, and had a good look at myself in the mirror when btc started nosediving from 11k. At that point in time I thought 11k was the bottom, and tried to catch a falling knife.
Recently, I took a break from looking at the graphs daily, because I realized my mood would always be affected by the giant red bars on my phone. So I deleted my Binance app. Since then I've had time to reflect on Crypto, reflecting on what enthralled me when I first got in. I came to several conclusions. It has completely changed my outlook and re-adjusted my expectations on crypto-currencies in general.
Since then, I have cleared away my desire for the green bars, and my misgivings that this is something that would make me the Laurens Bancroft of the 21st century. What came in to replace these thoughts are below, shared with you.
1) Herd mentality hurts us more than it hurts them.
I come in contact with 3 kinds of people in my life, and these can be categorized into 3 different groups: People who want to see Crypto succeed, people who don't, and people who don't care about Crypto.
I was part of the initial group at first, and now I've come to realized that in order for Crypto to succeed, we cannot exclude the people who don't care, and the people who don't want Crypto to succeed. They are an integral part of how Crypto is going to make it in this world, and we cannot ignore them. We cannot be an elitist club of people who think ourselves as a Master-race that will eventually trump all.
I came to this conclusion during Chinese new years, at a dinner table with relatives. The conversation slowly swung around what all of us had achieved during the year of 2017, and I had said that I was an avid follower and investor of Cryptocurrency. My relatives were shocked. Some of them tried to dissuade me from investing, others listened with interest with what I had to say. It was then I realized a common denominator among them, it was that they don't understand.
They don't understand how blockchain can change our world, they don't understand how block-lattice technology has the potential be the ultimate weapon against corruption, they don't understand how Cryptocurrency can bring humanity to places never ventured before. But they are interested.
Over the period of the dinner I slowly but surely watered the plant that is now their newfound interest, answering questions to the best of my ability, but at the same time not critiquing their beliefs. I do not talk about the banks, I do not talk about politics, I talked about the wonders of Bitcoin, and the benefits that can be had with it.
2) Adoption incentives. Unlike many of the inventions that have come to advance humanity, the benefits of Cryptocurrency cannot be felt by myself, or by you. Not in the short term anyway. The effects of Crypto will not be felt in a drastic way, but instead, gradually change events that were normally out of our control.
We humans adopt things quickly if they are either one of 2 things, they improve our standard of living immediately(e.g getting a car or computer), or provide an immediate incentive(e.g. credit card frequent flyer points). Crypto is neither of them, and that is why it is a long uphill battle to convince someone to take on Crypto, when all it seems to do is add on more trouble for them.
Being centralized has a thing going for it; few people can make decisions to create incentives for a small loss, in order to exploit an even bigger gain. In Crypto, no one is able to do this, and won't be able to without a centralised figure making decisions for us small guys.
No one seems to have a viable solution to this, which brings me to my 3rd point.
3) Moon boys. We all want to be on the ride to the next moon, the FOMO is strong, the memes sustain us, and every piece of news directly affects whether we see a red bar or a green bar. Now the feeling is subsiding, and all that is left is pump and dumps that out of our control.
As a normie that doesn't have the power to control these events, I can only watch as the price gets manipulated. But this is what I signed up for. I believe that I'm not just holding an ordinary piece of money. I'm holding the future. I am holding the blood, the sweat and the tears of thousands that came before and thousands that will come after, because I believe in them, I believe in the idea, and most of all, I want that future, for me and for my descendants that will come after me. This isn't just about me, it's about advancing mankind.
I believe in a future where Crypto will make the world a fair place for all, a world where corruption and power don't belong to someone we are forced to vote for, that my voice can be heard among the billions. Crypto doesn't align with my monetary objectives anymore, it aligns with me politically.
This leads to my conclusion. I know that the recent drops have hurt us all, but it's time to look past it. I think it is time to look at what we are holding on to. Is it for the money? Is it the stubbornness? Are we truly here just to take fiat from others at a suitable time? If you manage to find your reason for holding on, I think your resolve be will strengthened.
I look at my Crypto from time to time, and all I see is the hard work of the people who have created something amazing, and I feel honored to be part of this journey. And I will continue investing as much as I can, be it money or time, to further this project.
submitted by theonlykami123 to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

Cryptocurrency Terms And Definitions - Common Crypto Words To Know

The blockchain community is not left out when it comes to the use of jargon and phrases. The use of words that look strange to those who are not involved in crypto is totally inevitable. It’s definitely going to be difficult for anyone not in this space to understand words like “ERC20, ICO or gas. So in order to help such people out, we have made a list of the most common cryptocurrency terms and definitions. Please sit back and enjoy your ride.

Cryptocurrency Terms And Definitions
One can categorize these terms into various parts. First of all, we will deal with general cryptocurrency terms and definitions.

Blockchain
Blockchains are distributed ledgers which are secured by cryptography. Everyone has access to read the information on every blockchain which means they are essentially public databases but the data update can only be done by the data owners. In the case of blockchains, data doesn’t remain on a single centralized server, they are copied across hundreds of thousands of computers worldwide. Projects such as Ethereum, Vechain, EOS etc. fall under this class of technology.
Mining: The means of trying to ‘solve’ the next available block. One needs huge amounts of computer processing power to carry this out effectively. There is always a reward for doing this.
Mining rig: A specially designed computer that processes proof-of-work blockchains such as Ethereum. They consist of multiple high-end graphic processors (GPUs) so as to maximize their processing power.
Node: This is a computer that has a copy of the blockchain and is working to keep it in a good shape.
PoW: The full meaning of this is Proof-of-work. The Ethereum network currently makes use of this algorithm.
PoS: Its full meaning is Proof-of-stake. It is the proposed future algorithm for Ethereum. Those that own ETH will be able to lock up all or a portion of their ether for a given amount of time in order to ‘vote’ and generate network consensus instead of mining in its current form. Stakeholders will get rewards in form of ETH by doing so.
Fork: This takes places when a certain blockchain splits into two different chains. This usually happens in the crypto space when new ‘governance rules’ are infused into the blockchain’s code.
Software wallet: A crypto-currency storage that exists purely on a computer as software files. You can generate these kinds of wallets for free from diverse sources. MyEtherWallet (MEW) is one of the most popular sources around.
Hardware wallet: A device that one can securely keep cryptocurrency. People often say that these wallets are the most secure way to store cryptocurrency. Examples of the most common hardware wallet models around are Ledger Nano S and Trezor.
Cold storage: This is a way of moving your cryptocurrency from an online wallet to an offline one, as a means of safekeeping them from hack. There are a lot of ways to carry this out. Some methods that are commonly used include:
· Using a hardware wallet to store your cryptocurrency.
· By printing out the QR code of a software wallet and keeping it somewhere which is safe.
· You can also move the files of a software wallet onto an external storage device such as USB drive and keeping it somewhere safe.

Trading Related Cryptocurrency Terms And Definitions
Exchange: These are websites where people trade (buy and sell) their cryptocurrencies. Some of the popular crypto exchanges we have around include Binance, Poloniex, Bittrex etc.
Market order / market buy / market sell: A sale or purchase which is made on an exchange at the current price. A market buy acquires the cheapest Bitcoin available on the order book while a market sell fills up the most high-priced buy order on the books.
Limit order / limit buy / limit sell: These are orders which are placed by traders to buy or sell a cryptocurrency when the price reaches a certain amount. They are pretty much like ‘for-sale’ signs you see on goods.
Sell wall / buy wall: Cryptocurrency traders are able to see the current limit buy and sell points using a depth chart. The chart’s graphical representation is very much like a wall.
FIAT: Refer to a government-issued currency. An example is the US dollar.
Whale: A person who owns huge amounts of cryptocurrency.
Margin trading: This is an act of increasing the intensity of a trade by using your existing coins. It is very risky for an inexperienced trader to partake in this. Stay safe!!
Going long: This is a margin trade that gives profit if the price goes up.
Going short: It is a margin trade that gives profit if the price goes down.
Bullish: Being optimistic that the price of cryptocurrency is going to increase.
Bearish: This is an expectation that the price of cryptocurrency is going to decrease.
ATH: This simply means All-Time-High. This is the highest point that has been reached by a particular coin or token. Take for instance, Bitcoin’s ATH is about $20,000 and this was achieved around December 2017 and January 2018.
Altcoin: A word used to qualify other cryptocurrencies which is not Bitcoin. Examples of altcoins are Ripple, NEO, EOS, Vechain, Electroneum etc.
Tokens: These are ‘currency’ of projects which are hosted on the ethereum network. They raise money by issuing their own tokens to the general public. Tokens have a significant use in the project's ecosystem. Examples of tokens are Enjin Coin (ENJ), Zilliqa (ZIL), OmiseGO (OMG), Augur (REP) etc.
ICO: The full meaning is Initial Coin Offering. This is synonymous to an IPO in the non-crypto world. Startups give out their own token in exchange for Bitcoin or ether.
Shilling / pumping: An act of advertising another cryptocurrency. It is mostly done in a way that tricks as many people as possible into believing that a coin or token will get to a higher price in the future.
Market Cap: This is the total value of a cryptocurrency. To calculate this, one has to multiply the total supply of coins by the current market price. You can get a run-down of several cryptocurrency projects on Coinmarketcap.
Stable coin: This is a cryptocurrency which has an extremely low volatility. You can use a stable coin to trade against the overall crypto market.
Arbitrage: A situation where a trader takes advantage of a difference in the price of the same coin / token on two different exchanges.
FOMO: Simply means Fear Of Missing Out. That overwhelming feeling that one needs to get on board when there is a massive rise in the price of a commodity. This is also applicable in the crypto space.
FUD: Fear, Uncertainty, and Doubt. It is a baseless negativity which is spread intentionally by someone or a group of people who want the price of cryptocurrency to decrease.
FUDster: A person who spreads FUD.
Pump And Dump: This happens when an altcoin gets a ton of attention, leading to a massive increase in price, and likewise followed by a big price crash of that altcoin.
ROI: Return on Investment. The percentage profit a trader makes on an initial investment (i.e. A 100% ROI simply indicates that a trader doubled his money).
TA: Trend Analysis or Technical Analysis. A way of examining current coin charts so as to make predictions for the next market movement.

Next, we will be moving on to crytocurrency terms and definitions that are ethereum related.
Dapp: Decentralized Application. It is an application that uses a decentralized peer-to-peer network like Ethereum smart contract as its back-end code.
Bagholder: A person who still holds on to a particular altcoin despite having a pump and dump crash.
Smart contract: This is a code that is deployed onto the Ethereum blockchain, it often helps with the direct interaction of how money flows from one point to another.
The Flippening: A future event showing the capacity of Ethereum’s market cap (or some other cryptocurrency) surpassing Bitcoin’s market cap, making Ethereum the most ‘valuable’ crypto-currency.
Gas: It is a measurement of the amount of processing needed by the ethereum network to execute a transaction. More complex transactions like deploying a smart contract onto the network requires more gas than sending ether from one wallet to another which is obviously a simpler operation.
Gas price: This is the amount of ether an initiator of a transaction is willing to spend for each gas unit on a transaction. The higher the gas price, then the faster the processing of the transaction.
Wei: It is the smallest denomination of ether.
Gwei: This is a denomination of ether (ETH). Gwei is the unit for measuring gas prices. 1 Ether = 1,000,000,000 Gwei (109).
MEW: MyEtherWallet is a site where users can generate ethereum wallets for free.

We also have a handful of cryptocurrency terms and definitions that are memes. See some of them below;
Hodl: People use this word when signifying that a person is keeping his coins / tokens for a long period of time. A couple of years back, someone on a Bitcoin forum made a post with a typo HODL in place of HOLD. Ever since then, this term has become one of the most popularly used term in crypto.
Mooning: In crypto, this term comes to play when the price of cryptocurrencies move up astronomically.
Lambo: This is highly synonymous with crypto. You can't leave out this word when discussing about cryptocurrency terms and definitions. This is the car we’re all goona buy when crypto makes us rich.
This is gentlemen: People use this phrase when pointing out positive things that are currently taking place in the cryptosphere.

Now that you are conversant with some of the commonly used cryptocurrency terms and definitions, you can now go out there and showcase your new crypto vocabulary to the world.
submitted by Satonova19 to u/Satonova19 [link] [comments]

What is Chimpion?

Chimpion’s is launching e-commerce storefronts that allow merchants to accept cryptocurrency payments, choosing their favorite altcoin as the base currency denomination and allowing the merchant to settle their crypto into fiat through a stablecoin.
About Chimpion Since its 2009 release, Bitcoin (BTC) has sparked the next evolution in the way we transact. With e-commerce gaining a significant presence in recent years, demand for cryptocurrency payment processors has been significant. Third-party applications have bridged the gap, but it has been impractical for most merchants to accept crypto payments online due to the lack of dedicated crypto e-commerce infrastructure. Until now.
Chimpion (CHIMP) provides merchants with a simple yet sophisticated cryptocurrency payment system with a custom e-commerce and settlement backend. Through Chimpion’s innovative technology, merchants can launch full-fledged e-commerce storefronts and accept cryptocurrency payments online, with the option to set the coin of their choice as the base currency denomination. With a built-in incentive program and dedicated wallet, Chimpion gives businesses a seamless connection to the world of digital commerce.
Chimpion merchants can upload products and have listings displayed with cryptocurrency as the base currency denomination without any additional plugins. Through our advanced API, cryptocurrency prices are updated in real time exchange rates.
With ongoing trade wars, unpredictable inflation, and fluctuating interest rates, e-commerce can be inconvenient for merchants with international supply chains. Chimpion offers merchants income stream flexibility, regardless of whether they deal in fiat or crypto.
Ultimately, Chimpion’s vision is to empower businesses and consumers to thrive in the blockchain-enabled global economy. By simplifying the process of selling with cryptocurrency, Chimpion is making it easy for businesses to take advantage of the benefits of selling with cryptocurrency. Crypto e-commerce allows merchants to avoid high payment processing fees and long delays that come with traditional e-commerce.
EXCHANGE LIST
Binance
Kucoin
Bibox
Huobi
SECURE WALLET
Ledgerwallet
Trezor
submitted by icoinformation2021 to Chimpion [link] [comments]

Similarity between bitcoin and petrodollar

Hey so I am looking to write an article on this topic and I wanted the mass opinions on this subject. I can't help but see a lot of resemblance to bitcoin being used as a de facto proxy to purchase altcoins on exchanges like bittrex and binance. I know that USDT and Tether we're "suppose" to be the workaround for this, but in reality, if we could use fiat currency directly instead of bitcoin then would that spell bad news for bitcoin?
To point out where I am seeing this connection I'll quote an article from Investopedia "Since the most sought after commodity in the world--oil--is priced in U.S. dollars, the petrodollar helped elevated the greenback as the world's dominant currency. In fact, according to the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) triennial survey, 87 percent of all foreign exchanges deals initiated in April 2013, involved the USD on one side. With this status, the U.S. dollar was able to enjoy, what some have asserted to be an "exorbitant privilege" of perpetually financing its current account deficit by issuing dollar denominated assets at very low rates of interest, as well as, becoming a global economic hegemony."
I am by no means new to crypto, but I am curious how well I understand bitcoin. I might be completely off on my observation.
https://cryptodaily.co.uk/2018/02/bittrex-start-accepting-usd-deposits/
https://www.investopedia.com/terms/p/petrodollars.asp
Originally submitted here, but I realized I was asking the wrong group.
submitted by apogi23 to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

General info and list of exchanges for NUSD (NUSD)

A decentralised payment network and stablecoin v0.8 Samuel Brooks, Anton Jurisevic, Michael Spain, Kain Warwick Abstract There is currently no decentralised currency useful for everyday economic purposes. We propose a peer-to-peer payment network and price-stable token that does not rely on a central authority to maintain trust. Prior to Bitcoin, attempts to create digital currencies were centralised, making them vulnerable to censorship and seizure. Bitcoin’s consensus mechanism protected it from interference, but its fixed monetary policy induced extreme price volatility. Havven solves this by issuing tokens against a distributed collateral pool, which derives its value from fees levied on transactions. Growth in transaction volume thus increases the value of the collateral, allowing the token supply to expand to meet demand. The resulting system retains the best features of Bitcoin, while the introduction of price stability results in a superior form of money.
1.1 Payment Networks Payment networks are closed systems within which users can transfer value. Such systems include credit card networks, the SWIFT network, and PayPal. Proprietors of these networks possess absolute control over the value within the network, so any transaction conducted within them may be blocked or reversed at any time. Although this is ostensibly designed to protect users, it introduces systemic risk for all participants. If the network is compromised or its owners cease to behave benevolently, no party can trust that the value in their account is secure or accessible. In a traditional payment network like American Express, participants trust that the fees charged are sufficient to service the expenses incurred. However, were this trust to disappear, merchants would refuse to participate. Thus, the value of the unit of account within this network is derived solely from a single entity and the trust that participants have in that entity. As a result, the viability of any centralised payment network depends on complete trust in a central authority. Bitcoin solved these problems by ensuring that users have sole discretion over the money in their account by producing a trustless, permissionless payment network in which anyone could participate at will. Since users could enter and exit the system at any time without being exposed to the aforementioned risks, adoption was accelerated, and network effects were amplified. Programmable blockchains allow the logic of a payment network to be decentralised in a transparent way, enabling anyone to verify whether the network is solvent. This eliminates systemic risk and reduces the costs associated with centralised networks. 1.2 Cryptocurrency The technology of money has three key functions: to act as a unit of account, a medium of exchange and a store of value. As payment technology has advanced in recent years, money has become increasingly invisible and it is often lost upon its users that, like any technology, it can be improved. Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies represent an impressive technological advancement on existing forms of money because they deliver improved durability, portability, and divisibility. Further, they do so without requiring centralised control or sovereign enforcement from which to derive their value. Their fixed monetary policies have protected them from debasement and devaluation, allowing them to outperform other forms of money as a store of value. However, this has created the potential for short-run volatility as they lack mechanisms to dynamically adjust supply to changing demand. Bitcoin has thus tended to be a poor medium of exchange and an even worse unit of account. In order for a token to effectively act as money its purchasing power must remain stable against goods and services over the short to medium term. 1 1.3 Stablecoins Cryptocurrencies exhibit transaction immutability and censorship resistance, and in these ways are a better form of money; but their adoption has been hindered by the volatility inherent in their static monetary policies. Users cannot engage with such systems as a medium of exchange if the purchasing power fluctuates. Stability continues to be one of the most valuable yet elusive characteristics for the technology. Stablecoins are cryptocurrencies designed for price stability. They should ideally be as effective at making payments as fiat currencies like the US Dollar, while retaining their other desirable properties. A decentralised payment network built on a stablecoin would be able to capture all the benefits of a permissionless system, while also eliminating volatility. One approach to achieving price stability is to produce a token whose price targets the value of a fiat currency. Targeting stability against fiat currencies obviates the need to respond to macroeconomic conditions, as the token then benefits from the stabilisation efforts of large institutions acting in fiat markets. Furthermore, if a token’s price can be maintained at $1, then it can serve as an interface between fiat money and cryptocurrency. If such a stablecoin does not require an account in a traditional bank, then it can be effectively used for settlement and purchasing, without the centralisation and counterparty risk involved in fiat transactions. Thus it can be expected that by using stablecoins, exchanges that trade fiat for crypto will be able to rapidly reduce their transactional costs, reducing the barriers for new users to enter the market. 1.4 Distributed Collateral Today’s fiat money is not backed by an asset; its stability is derived from the authority of the governments which issue it. These governments require that tax obligations are denominated in the currencies they control, which are then used to fund active stabilisation efforts. However, with government control comes the risk of tyranny and debasement. Decentralised monetary systems don’t have these powers, and so they must use collateral to provide confidence in the value of their tokens. A decentralised system cannot use collateral assets that exist outside the blockchain, as interfacing with these assets necessitates centralisation with the aforementioned failure modes. Meanwhile, cryptoasset prices have been dominated by speculative volatility. So whether a system uses real-world assets or cryptoassets to back a stable token, if the value of the collateral is uncorrelated with the demand for the token, then the system is vulnerable to external price shocks. Large corrections can destroy the value of collateral without any change in the demand for the token issued against it. Clearly then, in designing an asset-backed stablecoin it is important to select the collateral asset carefully, but no existing asset perfectly serves the purpose. 2 1.5 Havven Havven is a decentralised payment network where users transact directly in a price-stable cryptocurrency. Those who use the stablecoin pay fees to those who collateralise the network, compensating them for the risks of providing collateral and stability. Collateral providers control the money supply, and fees are distributed in proportion with each individual’s stabilisation performance. Thus, Havven rewards suppliers of stability and charges those who demand it. Havven implements two linked tokens to achieve this structure: Nomin The stablecoin, whose supply floats. Its price as measured in fiat currency should be stable. This token is useful insofar as it provides a superior medium of exchange. Thus in addition to price stability, Havven should encourage adequate nomin liquidity. Havven This token provides the collateral for the system and has a static supply. Its market capitalisation reflects the system’s aggregate value. Ownership of havvens grants the right to issue a value of nomins proportional to the dollar value of havvens placed into escrow. If a user wishes to release their escrowed havvens, they must first present the system with the quantity of nomins previously issued1 . The havven token is a novel decentralised asset, whose intrinsic value is derived from the fees generated in the network it collateralises. This enables a form of representative money in which there is no requirement for a physical asset, thus removing the problems of trust and custodianship. Issuance of nomins requires a greater value of havvens to be escrowed in the system, providing confidence that nomins can be redeemed for their face value even if the price of havvens falls. The system incentivises the issuance and destruction of nomins in response to changes in demand, but ultimately the intrinsic value of the havvens will reflect the required nomin supply. Backing a stablecoin in this way provides full transparency over how many tokens have been issued against the available collateral. This provides a solid basis for confidence in the solvency of the payment network built upon it. Denominating the value of the nomin in an external fiat currency means that stability is relative only to that currency. Initially this currency will be the US dollar, and this is the target currency used throughout this paper, but in the future the system will support additional flavours of stablecoin that are denominated in other currencies. 1Following Bitcoin, the Havven system will appear in uppercase and singular; while the havven token will be lowercase and may be plural.
EXCHANGE LIST
Kucoin
Binance
Bit-Z
Bibox
Linkcoin
Qryptos
Bitrue
Bilaxy
SECURE WALLET
https://www.ledgerwallet.com/3b59
submitted by icoinformation to NUSD [link] [comments]

[uncensored-r/Bitcoin] Similarity between bitcoin and petrodollar

The following post by apogi23 is being replicated because some comments within the post(but not the post itself) have been silently removed.
The original post can be found(in censored form) at this link:
np.reddit.com/ Bitcoin/comments/7w2beb
The original post's content was as follows:
Hey so I am looking to write an article on this topic and I wanted the mass opinions on this subject. I can't help but see a lot of resemblance to bitcoin being used as a de facto proxy to purchase altcoins on exchanges like bittrex and binance. I know that USDT and Tether we're "suppose" to be the workaround for this, but in reality, if we could use fiat currency directly instead of bitcoin then would that spell bad news for bitcoin?
To point out where I am seeing this connection I'll quote an article from Investopedia "Since the most sought after commodity in the world--oil--is priced in U.S. dollars, the petrodollar helped elevated the greenback as the world's dominant currency. In fact, according to the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) triennial survey, 87 percent of all foreign exchanges deals initiated in April 2013, involved the USD on one side. With this status, the U.S. dollar was able to enjoy, what some have asserted to be an "exorbitant privilege" of perpetually financing its current account deficit by issuing dollar denominated assets at very low rates of interest, as well as, becoming a global economic hegemony."
I am by no means new to crypto, but I am curious how well I understand bitcoin. I might be completely off on my observation.
https://cryptodaily.co.uk/2018/02/bittrex-start-accepting-usd-deposits/
https://www.investopedia.com/terms/p/petrodollars.asp
Originally submitted here, but I realized I was asking the wrong group.
submitted by censorship_notifier to noncensored_bitcoin [link] [comments]

Similarity between bitcoin and petrodollar

Hey so I am looking to write an article on this topic and I wanted the mass opinions on this subject. I can't help but see a lot of resemblance to bitcoin being used as a de facto proxy to purchase altcoins on exchanges like bittrex and binance. I know that USDT and Tether we're "suppose" to be the workaround for this, but in reality, if we could use fiat currency directly instead of bitcoin then would that spell bad news for bitcoin?
To point out where I am seeing this connection I'll quote an article from Investopedia "Since the most sought after commodity in the world--oil--is priced in U.S. dollars, the petrodollar helped elevated the greenback as the world's dominant currency. In fact, according to the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) triennial survey, 87 percent of all foreign exchanges deals initiated in April 2013, involved the USD on one side. With this status, the U.S. dollar was able to enjoy, what some have asserted to be an "exorbitant privilege" of perpetually financing its current account deficit by issuing dollar denominated assets at very low rates of interest, as well as, becoming a global economic hegemony."
I am by no means new to crypto, but I am curious how well I understand bitcoin. I might be completely off on my observation.
submitted by apogi23 to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

How to Buy Bitcoin on Binance US & Store in a Ledger Nano X [URGENT] Binance US Block Soon - Alternative Exchanges To Use [URGENT] Top 3 BEST Binance US Alternatives For US Citizens Use a Debit Card on Binance US to Buy Bitcoin! - YouTube Binance US Ban EXPLAINED! Make money trading ! BitCoin, binance, crypto RoboTrading ... Binance USA Ban Begins! No Binance US Launch!? Altcoins To Suffer?? Binance Chain --- The Epitome Of $hitcoin Platforms Binance Expands Fiat Onramps, 15 New Currencies Now ... Bitcoin API - Bitcoin, Crypto currency live and historical ...

Many large companies are accepting Bitcoin as a legitimate source of funds. This post will cover them all. Who Accepts Bitcoin Summary. A 2020 survey by HSB reveals that 36% of small-medium businesses in the US accept Bitcoin. The most popular companies accepting Bitcoin payments worldwide today are: Wikipedia; Microsoft; AT&T Bitcoin has taken everyone by surprise with its skyrocketing value in the last few years. At the time of writing this article, the value of one Bitcoin is whopping USD 8,127.52/-. BTC, short for Bitcoin Currency, is the acronym for bitcoin cryptocurrency. Bitcoin units and denominations . Bitcoin units and denominations are as follows: Bitcoin ... Economic crisis a 'bittersweet' boom for Binance.US, says CEO; See more. Stablecoins Thrive as Supply Surges June 30, 2020 23:58; Updated; There is now over $10 billion worth of stablecoin assets in circulation. Cryptocurrency traders appear to be increasingly choosing stablecoins as the digital currency for their exchange activity. As per data from Coin Metrics and a report by CoinDesk ... It’s necessary for a currency to be able to be divided into smaller subdivisions if it aims to act as a global medium of exchange. Fiat currencies can be divided into smaller denominations, such as the penny for the British pound or the cent for the US dollar. Bitcoin, as a digital currency, can also be divided into smaller denominations. Bitcoin, as a digital currency, can also be divided into smaller denominations. As defined by the Bitcoin protocol, a single bitcoin can’t be divided further than 1 satoshi. All amounts on the blockchain are denominated in satoshi but are typically converted to bitcoin by most platforms. Binance.US Making Bitcoin Accessible . Bnance.US has hit several milestones that should make bitcoin more accessible to more traditional investors since it launched in September 2019, including the addition of an option for American clients to buy bitcoin with their debit cards. In October 2019, the exchange announced that USD deposits stored on the exchange were eligible for Federal Deposit ... Arguments have erupted on whether to continue using Bitcoin when discussing the crypto coin with people who are relatively new to the digital currency world. This is because mentioning that one Bitcoin is approximately 5,000 U.S dollars can put-off an individual who would instead buy a section of the coin if told that one centiBit of BTC cost just 60 U.S dollars. Binance, the largest crypto exchange by trade volume globally, has added Kenya Shillings (KES) as the latest set of fiat currencies that enable users to purchase bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies on the Binance main exchange.. Binance users can now use their native fiat currencies to Buy Crypto with Visa credit & debit card. SEE ALSO: Trading on Binance Using the South African Rand (ZAR) Goes ... US Lawmaker Introduces Crypto-Currency Act of 2020 While Under Coronavirus Quarantine . A U.S. congressman from Arizona has introduced the Cryptocurrency Act of 2020 while under coronavirus ... Back in December 2017, one Bitcoin could be bought for $20,000 dollars. After a bear market since that time, Bitcoin is currently worth $6,500 dollars. If Bitcoin wants to be used as a day-to-day currency, new denominations will have to be used. Nowadays, going to buy a small product or a coffee in a shop and pay with Bitcoin would be quite ...

[index] [9536] [5675] [19832] [20334] [3214] [19342] [5136] [14927] [21661] [2111]

How to Buy Bitcoin on Binance US & Store in a Ledger Nano X

#binance #crypto #bitcoin Explaining the Bittrex and Binance ban from the US Where do you think the money will flow? Updates on technical and fundamental analysis to keep you on track with your ... In this video I will show you how to import live data and Historical data for Bitcoin, Ethereum, Ripple and other 1384 coins from web to excel. Data is refre... #binance #crypto #bitcoin #bnb #binanceus #cryptocurrency #btc #ethereum #eth #altcoin #altcoins #bestcrypto #chicocrypto #wealth #rich #money The information contained herein is for informational ... Join Our NEW DeFi Class And Learn How To Make Money With #DeFi!: https://bit.ly/2K4PYhi Ready To Take Your Crypto Trading To A New Level? Join Our OMNIA Service And Let Us Make Crypto Investing ... Bienvenido! Si te gusto el video dale Like y Suscribite! Hi there, on this channel I make videos on: • Stock Investing • Basic Financial Advice • Best Stocks... !!👨‍💻 SET UP A BINANCE US ACCOUNT 👩‍💻 !! https://www.binance.us/?ref=35000644 🔐 LEDGER NANO X 🔐 Order Here: https://www.ledgerwallet.com/r/6057 ... !!👨‍💻 SET UP A BINANCE US ACCOUNT 👩‍💻 !! https://www.binance.us/?ref=35000644 Binance US now allows you to use a Debit card to make purchases ... 🟩 BITCOIN BLUEPRINT 🟩 🚀 Over 1000 Members 🚀 🎓 Learn To Trade Profitably Today! https://www.btcblueprint.com 💰 Learn How I Made $8,000 Profit In 1 Trade (Free Training) 💰 https ... #Binance Expands Fiat Onramps, 15 New Currencies Now Support #Bitcoin, #Ethereum, #XRP Purchases Narrated by The Cryptocurrency Portal on Mon. Feb. 17th, 202... Binance is blocking US residence soon. Are you wondering which alternative Bitcoin and Crypto exchanges to use? If so tune in! Become a CryptosRus INSIDER to gain exclusive insight on the market ...

#